已接入支付宝还可匿名使用 数字人民币到底是什么?

2021年05月17日 5108点热度 0人点赞 823条评论

已接入支付宝还可匿名使用 数字人民币到底是什么?

已接入支付宝还可匿名使用 数字人民币到底是什么? 来源:白话区块链

  据财联社报道,支付宝已对部分用户上线数字人民币模块,并支持用户转账、收款等服务,其中,转账方式可支持‘钱包编号转账’,也可支持‘手机号或邮箱转账’。

进入支付宝白名单的测试用户可在支付宝 App 中‘我的’一栏中看到‘数字人民币’模块,与花呗、银行卡等并列。点开‘数字人民币’模块,按照指令输入姓名等信息,即可注册网商银行数字人民币钱包,该钱包可以选择‘实名使用’,也可选择‘匿名使用’,但一个支付宝账号仅能开通一个钱包。

看到这条新闻的你可能有些疑惑,数字人民币到底是什么,会不会和微信支付宝成竞争关系,它和区块链又有什么关系?今天就让我们来一探究竟。

数字人民币是什么?

数字人民币是央行直接发行的人民币数字货币,和纸钞一样,只不过是电子形式的,如果你有钱包,就可以直接去央行指定的地点兑换数字人民币,不需要绑定任何银行卡账号。

像上面新闻中提到的,数字人民币的钱包内嵌在支付宝里面,也可以内嵌在各种银行账户里面,未来也可能出现数字人民币的专用钱包APP,有了钱包地址就能转入转出数字人民币。

已接入支付宝还可匿名使用 数字人民币到底是什么?

当然,目前我们看到大部分数字人民币的测试,都是政府直接以福利的方式发到大家的钱包地址里面,比如前段时间的深圳、苏州数字人民币红包福利发放等,凭钱包地址的余额就可以去消费了,还没有涉及到指定地点兑换数字人民币。

另外,数字人民币和纸钞一样,有两个特点。一是在没有网络的情况下可以直接转账,只要两个手机都有电,在断网的情况下也不影响转账;二是可以实现匿名支付的功能。

数字人民币和微信支付宝是竞争关系吗?

其实没有竞争关系,数字人民币是央行直接发行的钱,微信和支付宝只是支付工具而已,微信支付宝里面的钱来自商业银行,商业银行的钱来自央行发行的纸钞。

已接入支付宝还可匿名使用 数字人民币到底是什么?

所以差别在于微信和支付宝是管道,管理里面的“水”是央行发行的现金纸钞,央行发行的另外一种“水”叫数字人民币,但数字人民币不直接走微信支付宝这个管道。

所以数字人民币和微信支付宝不是同一个维度上的东西,不存在竞争关系。

已接入支付宝还可匿名使用 数字人民币到底是什么?

相反,两者未来会存在大量的合作关系,毕竟数字人民币要大范围地推广开来,需要微信支付宝等渠道提供协助,比如上面新闻提到的,支付宝APP上线数字人民币模块,让数字人民币快速拥有了支付宝近10亿用户。

数字人民币和区块链有啥关系?

从目前的情况来看,数字人民币的发行是中心化的,由央行统一发行,但是在底层技术方面借鉴了一些区块链技术原理,比如数字人民币小额匿名转账等,方便脱离现有银行账户体系的的绑定,不过具体实现方式没有披露太多。

同时央行提出,数字人民币采用“双层运营体系”,即上面一层是人民银行对商业机构,下面一层是商业机构对普通大众。央行不预设中心化或去中心化的技术路线,不管商业机构采用区块链的或中心化的技术方式来提供数字人民币的兑换,央行都能适应相关技术和手段。

  数字人民币有何价值?

数字人民币是我国央行发行的数字货币,目前全球央行都在积极探索数字货币发行,我们的数字人民币的研发走在世界前列,已经在不少试点城市开始测试。

数字人民币的发行对目前的金融系统是种很好的补充。在全球70多亿人口里,截至2017年依然有17亿人未接触到金融系统,无法享受传统银行提供的金融服务。

央行数字货币的大范围使用,在不需要布设高成本的银行等基础设施的情况下,将这些金融系统之外的人吸纳进来,享受金融发展带来的好处。

尤其在跨境支付中,一旦全球的央行数字货币实现统一标准,将极大地提高跨境支付的效率,同时大幅度降低成本。这也是Facebook的Libra白皮书一经发布,瞬间引发全球央行高度重视的原因之一。

当然,加强宏观调控也是现在全球各国央行发行数字货币的重要指标,毕竟,数字货币的发行相比传统货币更加透明,中间流程环节更少,方便央行更好地控制资金流向,做好宏观经济调控。

 

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